Feature in Professional Engineering Magazine

    The Professional Engineering Magazine or PE as it brands itself is the magazine of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers of which I have been a Member for many years. There is a section in PE for articles about hobbies, careers, ideas, etc called Engineering Extras, and in this section under the banner of “My engineering hobby…” this month there is a piece about my macro photography of insects and the focus stacking rig that I built to take the images. The article is titled Putting Insects in Focus, and was based on information I sent them about my focus stacking project; the article  is very nicely written as if it were an interview. I am well pleased!

    article

    Focus Stacking with a Raspberry Pi – Experimentation with 10x Microscope Objective

    Cluster fly proboscis
    Cluster fly proboscis

    My Nikon CFI Plan 10x 0.25 ∞/- WD 10.5 infinity microscope objective arrived a few days ago from the USA. I had first seen this lens on Johan J. Ingles-Le Nobel’s excellent Extreme Macro site and had been watching out for one on e-bay for a long time. While it was in transit I acquired on e-bay the necessary adapter rings to enable it to fit onto my Minolta 200 mm lens which is required to deliver the 10x magnification.

    The CFI Plan 10x 0.25 ∞/- is a lovely little lens. The dof, at 8.5 microns, is getting near to the limit of my focus-stacker but I have managed to produce a reasonable test image with it. If push comes to shove I can do a 2 micron focus increment which is one cycle of the stepper motor. The critical factors at this magnification seem to be vibration of the camera even though in my focus stacker system it is stationary; it means tiptoeing round the house while the focus stacker is busy stacking. Dust and contamination on the sensor is the other big issue, which now really shows up in spades. I had done a wet clean of the sensor a few weeks ago but that was the first one for several years and I think the sensor needs one more go at least, as the last clean has not done nearly a good enough job.

    The photograph above is the proboscis of a cluster fly – 197 images at 8 micron increments stacked and re-touched in Zerene Stacker and post-processed in Lightroom, Photoshop and Topaz Detail,  The proboscis is about 0.25 mm in diameter to give you an idea of the scale. The image required a lot of cleaning in Photoshop to remove the worst of the streaks and blobs caused by sensor contamination. None of these streaks and blobs show up in normal photography!

    Over the next few weeks it is my intention to carry out a series of tests with this microscope objective to establish the optimum focus increment and ideal aperture setting for the 200mm lens. I am suspecting that f8, which is what I determined was the optimum aperture for reversed enlarger lenses, may not be the best aperture for the Nikon CFI Plan 10x 0.25 ∞/- and that something wider open may be required. We will see. I will post the results when I have them.

     

    Focus Stacking with a Raspberry Pi – Mould Macro Photography Project

    image 10mm x 10mm sample mold growing on sliver beet root - six days old.
    image  coverage 10mm x 10mm; mold growing on sliver beetroot – six days old.

    In the search for interesting things to photograph on a macro scale using my focus stacker, it was suggested to me by Sara that mould might be worth looking at – well, it is!

    I started off with a 10mm sliver of beetroot less than a week ago and it is already producing lots of mould growth. I placed the piece of beetroot on a small polystyrene foam-board tray in a sealed plastic container and put that in a cupboard where it would be in the dark and stay warm. Within three days I had a few circles of white mould with one starting a grey centre.

    Three days later the surface was covered in interlocking circles of mould – all grey except one which is very yellow. The white/grey mould is like little flowers and the yellow mould is like small pom-poms. It will be interesting to see what happens next.

    I have reproduced some of the images from my focus stacker here. I have some other food items in my test lab waiting to see what will happen to them.

    The image above was taken at a magnification of approximately 0.5 and cropped to show a 10mm sample width – taken with a Tamron 90mm SP lens without extension. Low magnification images were taken with a  Nikkor 50mm enlarger lens at f 5.6 reversed onto 135mm Minolta MD lens at f 3.5 giving a magnification of 2.7 – focus increment of 100microns – varying numbers of images. Higher Magnification images were taken with a Componon 28mm enlarger lens at f4.8 reversed onto a 200mm Minolta MC lens at f8 giving a magnification of 7.1 – focus increment of 20 microns – varying numbers of images. Images were all stacked in Zerene Stacker.

    Click on any image for a slide show of the hidden world of mould (I never thought I would be typing that!)

    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 251 images. Day 3 of mould growth.
    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 251 images. Day 3 of mould growth. No yellow mould apparent yet. Lots of beetroot still showing.

     

    Nikkor 50mm reversed onto Minolta 135mm lens. Focus increment 100 microns, 164 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Nikkor 50mm reversed onto Minolta 135mm lens. Focus increment 100 microns, 164 images. Day 6 of mould growth. Yellow mould apparent. No surface of the beetroot showing.
    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 88 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 88 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Nikkor 50mm reversed onto Minolta 135mm lens. Focus increment 100 microns, 57 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Nikkor 50mm reversed onto Minolta 135mm lens. Focus increment 100 microns, 57 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 133 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 133 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 283 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 283 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Nikkor 50mm reversed onto Minolta 135mm lens. Focus increment 100 microns, 100 images. Day 6 of mould growth.
    Nikkor 50mm reversed onto Minolta 135mm lens. Focus increment 100 microns, 100 images. Day 6 of mould growth.

     

     

    Beetroot Mould Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 189 images. Day 3 of mould growth.
    Beetroot Mould Componon 28mm reversed onto Minolta 200mm lens. Focus increment 20 microns, 189 images. Day 3 of mould growth.

What’s it all about?

Here are my jottings about my photographic projects and activities. I have been working on a focus stacking macro photography rig. There are quite a few posts about that. In addition I write about other photographic activities as and when!

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